There is no cure for this condition and it does not appear to get better with age. The damage of FASD caused by a mother’s drinking during pregnancy is permanent.
However, with early identification and diagnosis, children can receive services that can help maximize their potential. They will benefit from early intervention services and an individualized education program in school that includes preparation for transition from school to work and possible further education.
Many people with FASD benefit from one-on-one counseling support. In addition, they often require intensive service coordination if they do not have someone who can coordinate the many services they need (such as on-going individual therapy, job coaching, housing, and transportation).
Secondary conditions (conditions that occur due to having FASD) often occur later in life, such as inability to live independently or hold down a job, mental health problems, drug/alcohol addictions, failure to develop appropriate sexual behavior and consequent legal problems.
Once FASD is diagnosed in a child, secondary conditions can be reduced and in some cases prevented altogether. Children are better protected from developing secondary conditions if they are:
- Diagnosed before age 6;
- Live in a stable and nurturing home;
- Never experience violence against themselves;
- Stay in each living situation at least 2.8 years;
- Experience a good quality home from 8 to 12 years of age;
- Apply for and are eligible for developmental disabilities services;
- Have a diagnosis of FAS rather than FASD; and
- Have their basic needs met.