Employment Issues for People with Disabilities

The majority of adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (I/DD) are either unemployed or underemployed, despite their ability, desire, and willingness to work in the community.

The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) regularly reports that the percentage of working-age people with disabilities in the labor force is about one-third that of persons with no disability. On average, workers with disabilities face significant gaps in pay and compensation, compared to workers with no disability. Additionally, about one in three employment discrimination charges filed with the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission allege discrimination on the basis of disability (often, in combination with charges of other types of discrimination).

The Arc’s own research suggests that the employment picture for people with I/DD may be even more challenging. In 2010, The Arc conducted a national online survey, called the FINDS Survey, to obtain perceptions of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and their families on a range of life-span issues. Over 5,000 people participated in the survey. Only 15% of FINDS survey respondents reported that their family member with an intellectual and/or developmental disability was employed. These findings reflect other current statistics that highlight the low rates of integrated, competitive employment by people with I/DD.

As reported by the BLS, people with disabilities who are not employed report many (and often multiple) barriers to employment. Public policy to increase employment in the community alongside people without disabilities and earn competitive wages must address these barriers in a number of key areas. These include promoting best practices, school-to-work transition, training and supports (for both people with I/DD and staff of employment and school-to-work programs), and employment training and service systems enhancements including adoption of “Employment First” approaches. As noted in The Arc’s position statement, requirements related to employment include:

  • Opportunities for post-secondary education, including college and vocational training, to gain knowledge and skills to allow people to get better jobs.
  • Ongoing planning to promote job advancement and career development.
  • Fair and reasonable wages and benefits.
  • Opportunities for self-employment and business ownership.
  • Opportunities to work with and, in the case of people with I/DD who own small businesses, employ people without disabilities.
  • The ability to explore new directions over time and, at the appropriate time, retire.
  • Opportunities to work and increase earnings and assets without losing eligibility for needed public benefits.

The Arc’s Legislative Agenda includes many recommendations for increasing employment by people with I/DD.

Current Employment Headlines

Employment – The Capitol Insider
Employment – The Arc of the United States Provides Testimony at Meeting of the Advisory Committee on Increasing Competitive Integrated Employment for Individuals with Disabilities

Last Wednesday and Thursday, April 27 and 28, the Advisory Committee on Increasing Competitive Integrated Employment for Individuals with Disabilities (the committee), held their bi-monthly meeting in Washington DC. The committee is mandated by section 609 of the Rehabilitation Act of … Continue reading


The post Employment – The Arc of the United States Provides Testimony at Meeting of the Advisory Committee on Increasing Competitive Integrated Employment for Individuals with Disabilities appeared first on The Capitol Insider.



Monday, May 02, 2016 12:31:11 PM

Employment/Rights – AbilityOne Commission Issues Declaration in Support of Minimum Wage for All People Who Are Blind or Have Significant Disabilities

On March 18, the AbilityOne Commission issued a declaration in support of minimum wage for all people who are blind or who have significant disabilities. Excerpts from the declaration state: “The U.S. AbilityOne Commission®, which oversees the AbilityOne® Program, recognizes … Continue reading


The post Employment/Rights – AbilityOne Commission Issues Declaration in Support of Minimum Wage for All People Who Are Blind or Have Significant Disabilities appeared first on The Capitol Insider.



Monday, March 21, 2016 4:44:41 PM

Employment/Rights – Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) proposes new federal hiring requirements

The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission has issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) that would establish new affirmative action obligations on federal government agencies. It would require agencies to adopt affirmative action plans with a goal of achieving a twelve percent … Continue reading


The post Employment/Rights – Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) proposes new federal hiring requirements appeared first on The Capitol Insider.



Monday, February 29, 2016 1:00:24 PM

Our Legislative Agenda for Employment

Committees of Jurisdiction

Consortium for Citizens with Disabilities

  • The CCD Employment and Training Task Force works on issues relevant to the employment of people with disabilities, particularly issues related to the programs and projects funded under the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended.

What is the CCD?

  • CCD is a coalition of over 100 national disability organizations in which The Arc has leadership positions.

Helpful Links