NCCJD® Publications

Pathways to Justice®: Get the Facts

These are brief, two-page fact sheets for family members, advocates, professionals, media, researchers, policymakers and others that provide an overview of criminal justice/victimization related to intellectual disability. See The Arc's fact sheets on other topic areas here.

Disability Response Teams (DRTs)



Victim/Offender Issues

The Arc's Justice Advocacy Guide

Justice Advocacy Guide (October 2006).


White Papers

Competency of Individuals with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities in the Criminal Justice System: A Call to Action for the Criminal Justice Community
September 22nd, 2016

Competency is a critical issue in nearly every stage of a criminal case, especially for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (I/DD). This paper demystifies the complex topic of competency by examining it from a number of different angles. Written as an education resource and advocacy tool for criminal justice professionals and disability advocates, the paper reveals challenges with the current competency framework and suggests best practices and potential solutions.


Justice Involved Youth with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: A Call to Action for the Juvenile Justice Community
September 30th, 2015

The Arc is a national non-profit that provides cradle to grave services for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (I/DD). The Arc’s National Center on Criminal Justice and Disability® (NCCJD) notes the decline in juvenile crime and incarceration and accompanying rise in incarceration rates for youth with I/DD. NCCJD’s white paper and webinar on justice involved youth with I/DD highlights emerging issues and promising practices from across the country.


Sex Offenders with Intellectual/Developmental Disabilities:A Call to Action for the Criminal Justice Community
July 30th, 2015

People with intellectual and developmental disabilities (I/DD) who allegedly violate sex act-related laws often face harsh consequences that fail to account for their disability. For criminal justice professionals and others to effectively respond to these allegations and/or violations, they must first be aware of the presence of disability and understand how it influences behavior. This paper provides effective strategies from professionals in the field and identifies remaining problems. 


Violence, Abuse and Bullying Affecting People with Intellectual/Developmental Disabilities: A Call to Action for the Criminal Justice Community
April 30th, 2015

Violence, abuse, and bullying are frequent realities for people with intellectual and/or developmental disabilities (I/DD). This paper issues a call to criminal justice professionals to proactively identify, engage and support crime victims with disabilities who, due to the nature of the jobs, possess exceptional opportunities to ensure the rights of victims with disabilities are protected and that perpetrators are held accountable for crimes committed.



Please note, the information and resources featured on this website are provided for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice.