Employment Issues for People with Disabilities

The majority of adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (I/DD) are either unemployed or underemployed, despite their ability, desire, and willingness to work in the community.

The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) regularly reports that the percentage of working-age people with disabilities in the labor force is about one-third that of persons with no disability. On average, workers with disabilities face significant gaps in pay and compensation, compared to workers with no disability. Additionally, about one in three employment discrimination charges filed with the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission allege discrimination on the basis of disability (often, in combination with charges of other types of discrimination).

The Arc’s own research suggests that the employment picture for people with I/DD may be even more challenging. In 2010, The Arc conducted a national online survey, called the FINDS Survey, to obtain perceptions of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and their families on a range of life-span issues. Over 5,000 people participated in the survey. Only 15% of FINDS survey respondents reported that their family member with an intellectual and/or developmental disability was employed. These findings reflect other current statistics that highlight the low rates of integrated, competitive employment by people with I/DD.

As reported by the BLS, people with disabilities who are not employed report many (and often multiple) barriers to employment. Public policy to increase employment in the community alongside people without disabilities and earn competitive wages must address these barriers in a number of key areas. These include promoting best practices, school-to-work transition, training and supports (for both people with I/DD and staff of employment and school-to-work programs), and employment training and service systems enhancements including adoption of “Employment First” approaches. As noted in The Arc’s position statement, requirements related to employment include:

  • Opportunities for post-secondary education, including college and vocational training, to gain knowledge and skills to allow people to get better jobs.
  • Ongoing planning to promote job advancement and career development.
  • Fair and reasonable wages and benefits.
  • Opportunities for self-employment and business ownership.
  • Opportunities to work with and, in the case of people with I/DD who own small businesses, employ people without disabilities.
  • The ability to explore new directions over time and, at the appropriate time, retire.
  • Opportunities to work and increase earnings and assets without losing eligibility for needed public benefits.

The Arc’s Legislative Agenda includes many recommendations for increasing employment by people with I/DD.

Current Employment Headlines

Employment – The Capitol Insider
Employment – Advisory Committee Created Under WIOA Releases Final Report

The Advisory Committee on Increasing Competitive Integrated Employment for Individuals with Disabilities (ACICIEID) delivered its final report to U.S. Secretary of Labor Thomas E. Perez on September 15, 2016. The ACICIEID, created by the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) of 2014, … Continue reading


The post Employment – Advisory Committee Created Under WIOA Releases Final Report appeared first on The Capitol Insider.



Monday, September 19, 2016 10:01:22 AM

Employment – Rehabilitation Service Administration (RSA) to Hold Regional Meetings on WIOA Implementation

The RSA has announced three regional meetings to provide technical assistance on program specific requirements in programs established under that Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as reauthorized by the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA). The meetings will be held on … Continue reading


The post Employment – Rehabilitation Service Administration (RSA) to Hold Regional Meetings on WIOA Implementation appeared first on The Capitol Insider.



Monday, June 13, 2016 2:21:12 PM

Department of Labor (DOL) Releases New Overtime Final Rule – Including Non-Enforcement for Some Medicaid Providers

The DOL released the much anticipated final Overtime rule on May 18, 2016, with an effective date of December 1, 2016. Along with the rule, DOL announced a non-enforcement policy for providers of Medicaid-funded services for individuals with intellectual and/or developmental disabilities … Continue reading


The post Department of Labor (DOL) Releases New Overtime Final Rule – Including Non-Enforcement for Some Medicaid Providers appeared first on The Capitol Insider.



Monday, May 23, 2016 3:48:34 PM

Our Legislative Agenda for Employment

Committees of Jurisdiction

Consortium for Citizens with Disabilities

  • The CCD Employment and Training Task Force works on issues relevant to the employment of people with disabilities, particularly issues related to the programs and projects funded under the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended.

What is the CCD?

  • CCD is a coalition of over 100 national disability organizations in which The Arc has leadership positions.

Helpful Links