Employment Issues for People with Disabilities

The majority of adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (I/DD) are either unemployed or underemployed, despite their ability, desire, and willingness to work in the community.

The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) regularly reports that the percentage of working-age people with disabilities in the labor force is about one-third that of persons with no disability. On average, workers with disabilities face significant gaps in pay and compensation, compared to workers with no disability. Additionally, about one in three employment discrimination charges filed with the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission allege discrimination on the basis of disability (often, in combination with charges of other types of discrimination).

The Arc’s own research suggests that the employment picture for people with I/DD may be even more challenging. In 2010, The Arc conducted a national online survey, called the FINDS Survey, to obtain perceptions of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and their families on a range of life-span issues. Over 5,000 people participated in the survey. Only 15% of FINDS survey respondents reported that their family member with an intellectual and/or developmental disability was employed. These findings reflect other current statistics that highlight the low rates of integrated, competitive employment by people with I/DD.

As reported by the BLS, people with disabilities who are not employed report many (and often multiple) barriers to employment. Public policy to increase employment in the community alongside people without disabilities and earn competitive wages must address these barriers in a number of key areas. These include promoting best practices, school-to-work transition, training and supports (for both people with I/DD and staff of employment and school-to-work programs), and employment training and service systems enhancements including adoption of “Employment First” approaches. As noted in The Arc’s position statement, requirements related to employment include:

  • Opportunities for post-secondary education, including college and vocational training, to gain knowledge and skills to allow people to get better jobs.
  • Ongoing planning to promote job advancement and career development.
  • Fair and reasonable wages and benefits.
  • Opportunities for self-employment and business ownership.
  • Opportunities to work with and, in the case of people with I/DD who own small businesses, employ people without disabilities.
  • The ability to explore new directions over time and, at the appropriate time, retire.
  • Opportunities to work and increase earnings and assets without losing eligibility for needed public benefits.

The Arc’s Legislative Agenda includes many recommendations for increasing employment by people with I/DD.

Current Employment Headlines

Employment – The Capitol Insider
Employment:  Advisory Committee on Increasing Competitive Integrated Employment for Individuals with Disabilities Meets

The Advisory Committee on Increasing Competitive Integrated Employment for Individuals with Disabilities (WIOA advisory committee)  held its quarterly meeting via webinar on January 27-28, 2016. The agenda for the meeting included reports from all of the standing committees as well as further … Continue reading


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Tuesday, February 09, 2016 3:48:54 PM

Employment:  Department of Labor and Ohio reach Landmark Settlement Ordering Fair Pay in Sheltered Workshops

In a precedent-setting opinion issued by an administrative law judge from the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL), three workers have been awarded minimum wage going forward and back pay from Seneca Re-Ad, a sheltered workshop run by the Seneca County Board of … Continue reading


The post Employment:  Department of Labor and Ohio reach Landmark Settlement Ordering Fair Pay in Sheltered Workshops appeared first on The Capitol Insider.



Tuesday, February 09, 2016 3:48:35 PM

Employment/Rights – CMS Announces Performance-Based Payment Options for Employment Services

In late August 2015, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), announced new performance and outcome-based options for funding employment supports and services through a Section 1915(c) waiver. CMS announced that they will begin accepting payment structures that include … Continue reading


The post Employment/Rights – CMS Announces Performance-Based Payment Options for Employment Services appeared first on The Capitol Insider.



Tuesday, September 15, 2015 11:22:00 AM

Our Legislative Agenda for Employment

Committees of Jurisdiction

Consortium for Citizens with Disabilities

  • The CCD Employment and Training Task Force works on issues relevant to the employment of people with disabilities, particularly issues related to the programs and projects funded under the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended.

What is the CCD?

  • CCD is a coalition of over 100 national disability organizations in which The Arc has leadership positions.

Helpful Links